1 of a Thousand Conspiracy Theories in the World. HAARP (High Frequency Active Auroral Research Program) is a US Ionospheric research program located in Gakona, Alaska. The stated purpose of HAARP is to develop ionospheric enhancement technology to further radio communications and surveillance technology. Some people think otherwise, however. Many have speculated that HAARP is actually used to manipulate the weather and that it has been the catalyst behind many recent earthquakes, tsunamis and hurricanes. Some people are also concerned with the environmental effects of HAARP, in particular on the ozone layer and the permanent damage that is created by HAARP. Some people also mention that HAARP can has the ability to create electromagnetic sweeps which can be used for mind control on large populations.